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West Springfield

  •   State: 
    Massachusetts
      County: 
    Hampden County
      City: 
    West Springfield
      County FIPS: 
    25013
      Coordinates: 
    42°06′25″N 72°37′15″W
      Area total: 
    17.54 sq mi (45.42 km²)
      Area land: 
    16.73 sq mi (43.33 km²)
      Area water: 
    0.81 sq mi (2.09 km²)
      Elevation: 
    65 ft (20 m)
      Established: 
    1655; Settled 1655; Incorporated (town) 1774; Incorporated (city) 2000
  •   Latitude: 
    42,138
      Longitude: 
    -72,6217
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Springfield, MA
      Timezone: 
    Eastern Standard Time (EST) UTC-5:00; Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) UTC-4:00
      ZIP codes: 
    01089
    01090
      GMAP: 

    West Springfield, Hampden County, Massachusetts, United States

  •   Population: 
    1,230
      Population density: 
    1,723.55 residents per square mile of area (665.45/km²)
      Household income: 
    $47,569
      Households: 
    11,757
      Unemployment rate: 
    9.50%
  •   Sales taxes: 
    5.00%
      Income taxes: 
    5.30%

West Springfield is a city in Hampden County, Massachusetts, United States. It is part of the Springfield, Massachusetts Metropolitan Statistical Area. The city is also known as "West Side", in reference to the fact that it is on the western side of the Connecticut River from Springfield. The area that became known as West Springfield was settled in 1635. The settlers fled to higher ground on the east side of. the river and founded Springfield in the aftermath of the great hurricane of 1635, so some families did stay on the west side. The Hay Place was created between the current town common and East School Street, for people who farmed or mowed on land grants on the West Side to leave their crops while they awaited transport back to the eastern side. West Springfield participated in the American Revolutionary War beginning on April 20, 1775, and most of what is now Agawam and Holyoke was incorporated as a separate town on February 23, 1774. The last such parcel did not become taxable by West Springfield until the 1860s. The population was 28,835 at the 2020 United States Census, and is expected to rise to 30,000 at the 2016 U.S. Census. The current mayor of West Springfield is Michael O'Neill. He was elected in 2010 and re-elected in 2012. The mayor of Springfield in 2012 was elected by a majority of voters, with the majority of the city's residents in favor of keeping the city as a single city.

History

West Springfield is the primary city name, but also W Springfield are acceptable city names or spellings, West Springfld on the other hand no longer accepted or obsolete and are no longer used as a designation. The area that became known as West Springfield was settled in 1635. The settlers fled to higher ground on the east side of the river and founded Springfield. Early economic activity in early colonial Springfield consisted largely of subsistence farming and animal husbandry. In 1666, the west side residents complained about having to work on east side roads while their own were not well taken care of. After considerable dispute, it was determined that the men of the settlement would tend the roads on their own sides of the Connecticut River. West Springfield did not become the residents of West Springfield until the American Revolutionary War beginning on April 20, 1775. In 1777, a contingent of Hessian and British troops were captured at the Battle of Saratoga and transported to Boston (for possible deportation or imprisonment) While encamped in West Springfield, some of the German mercenaries stayed and married into the local population.Economic conditions after the Revolution led to Shays' Rebellion in Springfield and Springfield in 1777 and 1778. The town was incorporated as a separate town on February 23, 1774, with territory including what is now Agawam and most of Holyoke. The current town hall is located on East School Street, near the current town common and East Main Street. It is the oldest town hall in the U.S. and was built in 1805. It was the site of the first town meeting in Massachusetts. It has been the home of the Massachusetts General Court since 1756. The city's name is derived from the word "Springfield" which means "town" or "city" in English.

Geography

West Springfield is located 27 miles (43 km) away from Hartford, 90 miles (140 km) from Boston, 85 miles (137km) from Albany, 48 miles (77 km) Away from Pittsfield and 6 miles (9.7 km) miles from Six Flags. The city has a total area of 17.5 square miles (45.4 km²) (4.50%) of which 0.8 square mile (2.0km²) is water. It is on the west side of the Connecticut River, across from Springfield, and on the north side of Westfield River, above Agawam. The Pioneer Valley Railroad has a railway established along the westernmost perimeter of the city. The area supports a diversified biological environment; including Great Horned Owl, White Tailed Deer, hawk as well asvernal pools. Hiking, dog walking and nature watching are popular activities year round. The current tree-lined park was laid out in 1866 by Edward Parsons and other townspeople. The church which still remains there replaced the Old Meeting House (which was on the Common) as the town's main church and meeting hall in 1802. It was supplemented by a second congregational church, again on the common, in 1872. This is a very low speed railway that hauls primarily commercial freight to local businesses. The reservoir, which is very shallow, supplies a minimal amount of the town’s drinking water. There is a 1,700-acre (6.9 km²), wooded area that includes Bear Hole Reservoir.

Transportation

There are no airports in West Springfield, the nearest airport with commercial passenger flights is Bradley International Airport in Windsor Locks, Connecticut. Several bus lines on the Pioneer Valley Transit Authority bus system service West Springfield from routes crossing over from Springfield. The town is located on the Massachusetts Turnpike (I-90), U.S. Route 5 (Riverdale Street), and Massachusetts Route 20 (Westfield Street and downtown), as well as Massachusetts Route 147 (Memorial Avenue) The town has a population of about 2,000. It is home to the West Springfield High School, which was founded in 1903. The school was the first in the state to open in 1903, and is located in the town's historic district. It was also the first high school in the area, opening in 1904. It has a high school, which opened in 1905, and a college, West Springfield State University, which began in 1953. The West Springfield Public Library was founded on the same site in 1953, and has been there ever since. The library has a collection of more than 1,000 books, many of which have been donated by members of the community. It also has a library branch, which has been open since the 1970s. The city has a public library, which is open through the end of the year, and also serves as a center for community service projects. It opened in the 1990s, and the library has since been expanded to serve the entire town of West Springfield and surrounding areas.

Demographics

As of the census of 2010, there were 28,391 people, 11,757 households, and 7,117 families residing in the city. The racial makeup of the city was 90.68% White, 3.30% African American, 0.22% Native American, 1.97% Asian, 2.94% from other races, and 2.10% from two or more races. 5.75% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. The city's population was spread out, with 23.4% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 29.6% from 25 to 44, 23.2% from 45 to 64, and 15.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there are 95.2 males. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 3.02. the city's median income was $40,266, and the median income for a family was $50,282. The per capita income for the city is $20,982. About 8.7% of families and 11.9%. of the residents were below the poverty line, including 20.0% of those under age 18 and 7.3% ofThose age 65 or over. Populations for 1800, 1810, and 1830 were not available online from this source.

Government

West Springfield was originally governed by an open town meeting, and then a representative town meeting starting in 1922. The city is now governed by a mayor and town council starting on April 1, 2000. The first mayor who held office was Edward Gibson, an independent, who stayed in office for five consecutive terms. Republican Greg Neffinger, was elected mayor on November 8, 2011, but lost his bid for re-election to Republican Edward C Sullivan in 2013. The current mayor, Independent Will Reichelt was elected to his first term in 2015. He was easily re-elected in 2017, and won a third term unopposed in 2021. West Springfield is one of thirteen Massachusetts municipalities that have applied for, and been granted, city forms of government but wish to retain "The town of" in their official names. It is located on the Massachusetts Turnpike, between Boston and Springfield. It has a population of 2,000 to 3,000. It was the site of the U.S. Civil War, and the Battle of the Bulge, which took place from 1861 to 1865. The town was founded in 1864. It suffered a devastating fire in 1871, which claimed the lives of more than 1,000 people, including the city's founder. It also suffered a fire that claimed the life of its first mayor, Edward Gibson. The fire also claimed the death of the town's first police chief, Edward G. Gibson, in 1881. The mayor of West Springfield has been elected to three consecutive terms since 2000.

Town services

West Springfield has its own school district, police department, fire department, library, department of public works, health department, and department of parks and recreation. First town funds budgeted for police enforcement were in 1877; force has gradually become professionalized, motorized, and equipped with offices and jail facilities. The West Springfield Public Library was established in 1864. In fiscal year 2008, the city of West Springfield spent 0.91% ($765,760) of its budget on its public libraryapproximately $27 per person, per year ($35.58 adjusted for inflation to 2022). The current collection began in 1854, but was later made free to the public. It moved from the town hall to a dedicated building in 1915, constructed with a donation from Andrew Carnegie. The school district has controlled by an independent school committee since 1827 and maintains a central high school, middle school, and a number of elementary schools. The current fire department was created in 1883 and current has 11 apparatus serving out of one fire hall. The library was opened in 1959, and an addition was opening in 1959. It is located in a building that was donated by Andrew Carnegie in 1915. The city has a population of 1,816,000, with a population growth rate of 1.7% per year. It has a school district that has been controlled by a committee for 1827. The town has a fire department that was created by 1883. The fire department currently has 11 assistants serving out of a firehall.

Education

The West Springfield Public Schools district operates nine schools. The town also has a charter school, a Catholic school, and two schools for special education. The public school athletic teams are called the "Terriers" The school budget was tightened, priorities were reexamined, and numerous schools were closed or consolidated in the fall of 1981. In 2019 modular buildings were added to Tatham Elementary because of increased enrollments and little space. The modulars currently hold 5th and 3rd grade classes. The school district adopted full-day kindergarten and early childhood (PreK-K) in the spring of 2000. The district also operates the May Center School for Autism and Developmental Disabilities (private) and the St. Thomas the Apostle Charter School of Science West (6-11) The district's mascot is the "Hampden Terriers", a reference to the town's nickname for the state's football team, the Hampden Valley Terriers. It is also known as the "West Springfield High School Terriers" because of the school's proximity to the city's high school. The high school is located on Piper Road, which is a main route through the town. It was built in the 1920s and 1930s as West Springfield Junior High School. The current high school was opened in the 1960s and is located in the former Cowing High School building. West Springfield Middle School opened in 1998 for grades 68-12. The old building was demolished in 2014 and a new building was built to the north.

Economy

West Springfield is considered to be part of the Springfield-Hartford Knowledge Corridor. The Riverdale Road corridor is a major regional shopping center, with a number of "big box" retail stores and car dealerships. West Springfield is sometimes called the "crossroads of New England" and is home to the Eastern States Exposition. The only Costco location in the Pioneer Valley is in West Springfield. The town has a population of about 2,000. It is located on the Massachusetts Turnpike, which is the state's only major north-south highway. It also has access to Interstate 91 and the eastwest Massachusetts TurnPike. The city's population is about 3,000, making it one of the smallest towns in the state. It has an average income of about $30,000 per year, with the majority of its residents living in the West Springfield area. The West Springfield Police Department is based in the town's West Springfield suburb. The police department has a force of about 1,000 officers. It was founded in 1881 and is the oldest police station in New England. The station was named after the town of West Springfield, Massachusetts, which was once the site of the city's first post office. It opened in 1883 and was later renamed West Springfield after a nearby town, Westfield. It now has a total population of around 2,500, with most of the residents living on the East Springfield side of the town. The East Springfield area is known as "West Springfield" or "Westfield".

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in West Springfield, Hampden County, Massachusetts = 17. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 67. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 51. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in West Springfield = 3.4 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO (www.who.int/news-room/questions-and-answers/item/radiation-the-ultraviolet-(uv)-index) and is uniform worldwide.

Employed

The most recent city population of 1,230 individuals with a median age of 40.2 age the population dropped by -1.55% in West Springfield, Hampden County, Massachusetts population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 1,723.55 residents per square mile of area (665.45/km²). There are average 2.31 people per household in the 11,757 households with an average household income of $47,569 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 9.50% of the available work force and has dropped -4.68% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 21.14%. The number of physicians in West Springfield per 100,000 population = 221.5.

Weather

The annual rainfall in West Springfield = 44.6 inches and the annual snowfall = 43.2 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 109. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 191. 85 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 18.5 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 51, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in West Springfield, Hampden County, Massachusetts which are owned by the occupant = 55.98%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 51 years with median home cost = $175,330 and home appreciation of 0.28%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $15.64 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.

Study

The local school district spends $7,208 per student. There are 13.9 students for each teacher in the school, 1812 students for each Librarian and 443 students for each Counselor. 9.60% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 12.87% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 8.37% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • West Springfield's population in Hampden County, Massachusetts of 1,733 residents in 1930 has dropped 0,71-fold to 1,230 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 51.07% female residents and 48.93% male residents live in West Springfield, Hampden County, Massachusetts.

    As of 2020 in West Springfield, Hampden County, Massachusetts are married and the remaining 46.51% are single population.

  • 22.9 minutes is the average time that residents in West Springfield require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    83.71% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 10.03% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 2.12% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 1.50% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in West Springfield, Hampden County, Massachusetts, 55.98% are owner-occupied homes, another 40.16% are rented apartments, and the remaining 3.86% are vacant.

  • The 59.83% of the population in West Springfield, Hampden County, Massachusetts who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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