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Lexington

Lexington, Massachusetts

  •   State: 
    Massachusetts
      County: 
    Middlesex County
      City: 
    Lexington
      County FIPS: 
    25017
      Coordinates: 
    42°26′50″N 71°13′30″W
      Area total: 
    16.5 sq mi (42.8 km²)
      Area land: 
    16.4 sq mi (42.5 km²)
      Area water: 
    0.1 sq mi (0.4 km²)
      Elevation: 
    210 ft (64 m)
      Established: 
    1642; Settled 1642; Incorporated 1713
  •   Latitude: 
    42,4545
      Longitude: 
    -71,2202
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA-NH
      Timezone: 
    Eastern Standard Time (EST) UTC-5:00; Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) UTC-4:00
      ZIP codes: 
    02420
    02421
      GMAP: 

    Lexington, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States

  •   Population: 
    3,220
      Population density: 
    2,100 residents per square mile of area (810/km²)
      Household income: 
    $115,897
      Households: 
    11,146
      Unemployment rate: 
    6.00%
  •   Sales taxes: 
    5.00%
      Income taxes: 
    5.30%

Lexington is a suburban town in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States. It is 10 miles (16 km) from Downtown Boston. The area was originally inhabited by Native Americans, and was first settled by Europeans in 1641 as a farming community. Lexington is well known as the site of the first shots of the American Revolutionary War, in the Battle of Lexington on April 19, 1775, where the "Shot heard 'round the world" took place. The town was named in honor of Lord Lexington, an English peer. It was incorporated as a separate town in 1713. In 1958, the Peacock Farm residential neighborhood was listed on the National Register of Historic Places. In 1984, due to the rapid urbanization that occurred in many other suburbs like Lexington, The MBTA proposed expanding the Red Line through Lexington, terminating in Bedford and Bedford. The Lexington and West Cambridge Railroad, later the Boston and Maine Railroad, began service in 1846 until 1981, beginning in Lexington. The Red Line ended in Bedford in 1984, ending the rail line's service in Lexington and Bedford in 1986, and in Bedford, in 1991. The population of Lexington was 34,454 as of the 2020 census, and it is home to Minute Man National Historical Park, a national historical park that is open to the public. It has a population of 2,856. The city's population was 2,744 in the 2010 census. The U.S. Census Bureau estimates the town's population will be 2,938 in the 2020 Census.

History

Lexington, Massachusetts was first settled in 1642 as part of Cambridge, Massachusetts. In 1691, Lexington was incorporated as a separate parish, called Cambridge Farms. In 1713, Lexington became a separate town and got the name Lexington. Lexington was the site of the first battle of the American Revolutionary War, the Battle at Lexington. In the early colonial days, Vine Brook, which runs through Lexington, Burlington, and Bedford, and then empties into the Shawsheen River, was a focal point of the farming and industry of the town. In 1984, due to the rapid urbanization that occurred in many other suburbs like Lexington, TheTA proposed expanding the Red Line through Lexington. Despite Lexington and Bedford being on board, many residents lobbied against the idea and it was shot down by the Board of Selectmen. Today, Lexington participates in the METCO program, becoming its nationally recognized for excellence in the school system. The town is home to the Massachusetts Bay Institute of Technology, which was founded in 1858. Lexington is also the home of the Massachusetts Museum of History and Art, which dates back to the 17th century. The city is located on the Massachusetts Turnpike, which links Boston to New York City and the East Coast. It has a population of more than 100,000, making it one of the most densely populated cities in the United States. It is also home to a number of major companies, including Takeda and BAE Systems, with major operations having operations in Lexington.

Geography

Lexington is located at 42°2639N 71°1336W (42.444345, 71.226928).According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 16.5 square miles (42.8 km²) It has more area than all other municipalities that it borders.Lexington borders Burlington, Woburn, Winchester, Arlington, Belmont, Waltham, Lincoln, and Bedford. It has a population of 2,827. It is located on the Massachusetts Turnpike, one of the busiest roads in the United States. The town is home to the New England Shakespeare Festival, which runs through the end of the year. It also hosts the Boston Marathon, which takes place every year on October 31. It was the first town in the state to host the event, which was held in 1881. The city of Lexington was founded in 1805. It became the first city in Massachusetts to have its own post office in 1851. It closed in 1875. It reopened in 1883. It received its first postcard in 1885. It opened its first public library in 1887. It had its first high school in 1891. It now has a high school, which opened in 1894. It currently has a junior high, a middle school, and an adult high school. The high school is located in the town of Lexington, Massachusetts, and has an enrollment of 1,200 students.

Demographics

As of the census of 2010, there had been 31,394 people, 11,530 households, and 8,807 families residing in the town. As of 2020, Lexington has the highest Asian population in Massachusetts, reflecting 36% of the population. 29% of Lexington residents were born outside of the United States. In 2018, the mean home price was $910,584, and the median price of a house was $1,050,821. According to a 2018 estimate, the median income for a household in theTown was $191,350. The median household income was highest for mixed race households, at $263,321. In the town, the population was spread out, with 26.4% under the age of 18, 3.5% from 18 to 24, 22.7% from 25 to 44, 28.5%, and 19.0% who were 65 years of age or older. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.5 males. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.10. The town's median income was $218,890. The per capita income for the town was $70,132. About 1.8% of families and 3.4%. of the town's population were below the poverty line, including 3.2% of those under age 18. In 2010, the town had a median income of $154,533. In 2012, it was $233,875.

Government and politics

Lexington is in Massachusetts's 5th congressional district, currently represented by Katherine Clark. Federally, Lexington is heavily Democratic, having not voted Republican since 1980. Even in Scott Brown's upset 2010 Senate special election, he received just 34% of the vote, to Coakley's 64%. Lexington is Represented by State Representative Michelle Ciccolo, State Senators Cindy Friedman and Michael Barrett, all Democrats. The Town of Lexington meets the population requirement to become a city, but has not done so, in part because it would lose its ability to engage citizens in local government under the Representative Town Meeting form of government. Article LXXXIX Section 8 of the Massachusetts Constitution permits towns with a population greater than 12,000 to adopt a city form ofGovernment. The town uses a five-member Select Board. At-large member positions include the Select Board, Town Counsel, Town Clerk and the School Committee chairman. The day-to-day operations are handled by a Town Manager hired by the Select board. A Representative town meeting, acts as the legislative body, made up of 203 members, including 21 citizens elected from each of nine precincts for three-year staggered terms, and it meets at least once a year. It is the only form of local government in the state that allows citizens to vote on local issues. It has not voted for a Republican candidate for president since 1988, when George H.W. Bush was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives, and has not been represented by a Republican since 1988.

Emergency services

The Lexington Police Department (LPD) is responsible for law enforcement in the town of Lexington. They also host a youth academy for children aged 1217 as well as a Police Explorers Program (For high school students interested in the comprehensive learning of Law Enforcement) The Lexington Fire Department provides both fire and rescue, and emergency medical services. It is based in the Fire Department Headquarters, with a secondary East Lexington Station, having 61 firefighters and EMS personnel. The date of its formation is unknown. The LPD is led by Chief of Police Michael McLean, and the LFD by Fire Chief Derek Sencabaugh. The town has a population of 2,000, with 51 sworn police officers and 61 firefighters. The police force is made up of 51 sworn officers. The fire department has 61 firefighters, and has a secondaryEast Lexington Station with a second East Lexington station. The Fire Department has a number of other departments, including the Lexington Ambulance Service and the Lexington Rescue Squad, which is based at the East Lexington Fire Station. The city has a police force of 51 officers, and a fire department of 61. The Police Department has 51 sworn Officers, and an ambulance service. The LPD is led by Chief of Police Michael McLean and the LFD is led by Fire Chief Derek Sencabaug, with 61 firefighters and EMS personnel at its Headquarters. The Lexington Police Department is responsible for investigations, patrol, and traffic safety/control. It also hosts a youth academy for children aged 1217.

Education

Lexington's public education system includes six elementary schools, two middle schools, and one high school. Overall the Lexington school district is among the top ranked in the state and nationally. Bridge Elementary School, Jonas Clarke Middle School, and Harrington Elementary School were High Performing National Blue Ribbon Schools in 2010, 2013, and 2019 respectively. Lexington High School was ranked in 2014 as the 19th best high school in the nation by U.S. News. In addition to Lexington High, students may attend Minuteman Regional High School. The Lexington Chinese School (LCS;) holds its classes at Belmont High School in Belmont. In 2003 over 400 students attended classes at LCS, held on Sundays. The Waldorf School of Lexington (WLS) holds classes on Sundays at its Belmont campus. Lexington Christian Academy (LCA) has classes on Tuesdays and Thursdays. Lexington Montessori School (LMS) offers classes on Thursdays and Saturdays. Lexington Public School (LEPS) offers lessons on Saturdays and Sundays at 6:30 p.m. and 10:30 a.m., and has a daycare center on the second floor of the LPS building. Lexington Elementary School offers classes in the morning and afternoon. Lexington Middle School offers lessons in the evenings and afternoons. Lexington high school offers classes from 9:30 to 11:00 p.M. each day. Lexington elementary school offers lessons from 11:30 am to 12:30pm. Lexington middle school has a year-round program for students with special needs.

Culture and art

Lexington is home to the Lexington Symphony, which performs regularly at Cary Hall. The symphony is one of the oldest symphony orchestras in the United States. The Lexington Symphony was founded in 1872 and is based in the city's downtown area. It was the first symphony to be formed in Lexington in 1875. It is the only symphony orchestra in the U.S. to be based in Lexington since the formation of the symphony system in 1876. It has been in Lexington for more than 100 years and has a long history of performing at the Cary Hall in Lexington, Kentucky. The Symphony's current conductor is Michael Tilson Thomas, who was born in Lexington and grew up in Lexington. He is a member of the Boston Symphony Orchestra, which has performed at the Symphony Center in Boston since the 1950s. He was also the conductor of the New England Symphony in the 1960s and 1970s, and has been with the Lexington symphony since the 1970s and 1980s.

Economy

Major employers in Lexington include Takeda (formerly Shire), BAE Systems, MIT Lincoln Laboratory, Stride Rite, Agilent, Global Insight, CareOne, the Cotting School, Ipswitch, and Lexington Public Schools. MBTA bus operates three routes that connect with the Red Line at Alewife station in Cambridge. Lexington is home to the Lexington High School, which was founded in 1881. The school is one of the oldest public high schools in the United States. It is located in Lexington's historic district, which dates back to the early 19th century. The town is also home to Lexington High, which opened in 1883. It was the first public high school in the U.S., and was founded by the Lexington School Board in 1882. The Lexington School District was established in 1879. It has been the site of the Lexington Public School since 1883, when it opened in a new building. The district was named after Lexington, Massachusetts, a town that was once part of the state of Massachusetts and later became part of New England. The city is also the home of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), which is based in Cambridge and has a campus in Lexington. The Red Line runs through the city, connecting with the Cambridge area at the Alewife Station on the Cambridge-Lexington line. It also connects with the Boston area at Cambridge's Red Line station at the Cambridge Mall, which is located on the Massachusetts Turnpike.

Points of interest

Lexington is home to many historical buildings, parks, and monuments, most dating from Colonial and Revolutionary times. The Lexington Battle Green is known for being the site of the Battle of Lexington, where the "shot heard round the world" was fired. Lexington is also home, along with neighboring Lincoln and nearby Concord to the 900-acre (3.6 km²) Minute Man National Historical Park. Lexington neighborhoods include Lexington Centre, Meriam Hill (and Granny Hill), Irish Village, Loring Hill, Belfry Hill, Munroe Hill, Countryside (sometimes referred to as "Scotland"), the Munroe District, the Manor Section, Four Corners, Grapevine Corner, Woodhaven, Liberty Heights and East Lexington (fondly "East Village", or "The East End"). The Lexington Community Center is a meeting place for Lexington residents. Willards Woods Conservation Area, a small forest of conservation land donated years ago by the Willard Sisters, is referenced in the classic Saturday Night Live skit "Donnie's Party". Wilson Farm, a farm and farm stand in operation since 1884, has been in operation for over 100 years. D.C. Heath was founded in 1885 at 125 Spring Street in Lexington, near the present day intersection of Route 128 and MA Route 2, and was headquartered on that spot until its 1995 sale to Houghton Mifflin. The Scottish Rite Masonic Museum & Library showcases exhibits on American history and Freemasonry. The Great Meadow, a.k.a. Arlington's Great Meadows, is a sprawling meadow and marshland located in East Lexington, but owned by the town of Arlington.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Lexington, Middlesex County, Massachusetts = 43.5. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 43. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 10. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Lexington = 3.5 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO (www.who.int/news-room/questions-and-answers/item/radiation-the-ultraviolet-(uv)-index) and is uniform worldwide.

Employed

The most recent city population of 3,220 individuals with a median age of 46.4 age the population dropped by -0.01% in Lexington, Middlesex County, Massachusetts population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 2,100 residents per square mile of area (810/km²). There are average 2.65 people per household in the 11,146 households with an average household income of $115,897 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 6.00% of the available work force and has dropped -4.07% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 25.86%. The number of physicians in Lexington per 100,000 population = 389.3.

Weather

The annual rainfall in Lexington = 45.5 inches and the annual snowfall = 56 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 130. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 197. 83 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 15.5 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 48, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Lexington, Middlesex County, Massachusetts which are owned by the occupant = 79.99%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 51 years with median home cost = $581,330 and home appreciation of -8.66%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $11.70 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.

Study

The local school district spends $9,524 per student. There are 12.5 students for each teacher in the school, 623 students for each Librarian and 277 students for each Counselor. 4.42% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 26.77% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 42.17% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Lexington's population in Middlesex County, Massachusetts of 3,965 residents in 1930 has dropped 0,81-fold to 3,220 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 52.50% female residents and 47.50% male residents live in Lexington, Middlesex County, Massachusetts.

    As of 2020 in Lexington, Middlesex County, Massachusetts are married and the remaining 34.60% are single population.

  • 29.7 minutes is the average time that residents in Lexington require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    78.10% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 6.14% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 6.38% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 6.82% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Lexington, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, 79.99% are owner-occupied homes, another 17.14% are rented apartments, and the remaining 2.86% are vacant.

  • The 68.03% of the population in Lexington, Middlesex County, Massachusetts who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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