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City of Troy

  •   State: 
    Oakland County
      County FIPS: 
    42°34′49″N 83°08′35″W
      Area total: 
    33.63 sq mi
      Area land: 
    33.45 sq mi (86.63 km²)
      Area water: 
    0.18 sq mi (0.47 km²)
    748 ft (228 m)
    1819; Settled 1819 Organized 1827 (as Troy Township); Incorporated 1955
  •   Latitude: 
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI
    Eastern Standard Time (EST) UTC-5:00; Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) UTC-4:00
      ZIP codes: 

    Troy, Oakland County, Michigan, United States

  •   Population: 
      Population density: 
    2,609.92 residents per square mile of area (1,007.69/km²)
      Household income: 
      Unemployment rate: 
  •   Sales taxes: 
      Income taxes: 

Troy is a city in Oakland County, Michigan, United States. Its population was 87,294 at the 2020 U.S. census, making Troy the most populous city in the county and the 13th most-populous municipality in the state. It was named after Troy, New York and the ancient city of Troy, as many of the early settlers, as in much of Michigan, originated from New York. In 2011, Troy was ranked the safest city in Michigan and the 19th safestCity in the United States by CNN Money. The Troy Historic Village is a fully interactive historical museum chronicling the different stages of Troy's progression from its first settlers to the city it has become today. The city is served by the Daily Tribune (published daily), the Observer & Eccentric (which is published twice a week), the Troy Beacon (published every Thursday), and the Troy-Somerset Gazette and, most recently, Troy Patch. It is home to two of the largest Protestant churches in the USA, Kensington Community Church and Woodside Bible Church. The Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America Metropolis of Detroit is headquartered in Troy. In 2003, Troywas named Michigan's Sportstown by Sports Illustrated magazine for having the top community sports programs in theState. It has a median household income of approximately $79,000. You find a mixture of open space, woodlands, rivers, lakes and recreational facilities in the city. You will find soccer fields, disc golf courses, tennis courts, a skate park and a community center.


The earliest recorded purchases of land in what was known as Troy Township occurred in 1819. In 1827 Troy Township was established. In 1955, Troy was officially incorporated primarily as a strategy for preventing border cities from taking more land. It was named after Troy, New York and the ancient city of Troy, as many of the early settlers, as in much of Michigan, originated from New York. The area is currently the north-central area of Troy. It is the largest city in the state, with a population of more than 1.5 million. The city is home to the University of Michigan's football team, as well as the Michigan Tech women's basketball team and the Michigan State University women's hockey team. It also has a college hockey team, the Michigan Wolverines, which has won several state championships. The town is also the home of the U.S. Naval Academy, which won a gold medal in the World War II era. It has also won a state championship in the Civil War era, in the Battle of the Bulge, and in the early 20th century. The village of Troy was founded in 1788. It became the first city in Michigan to be officially incorporated in 1827. The first post-Civil War town to be incorporated was Troy, Michigan, in 1828. The current town of Troy is the city's largest, with an population of 1.4 million. It's located in the north central area of the state and is the most populous city. The population of the city is about 1.6 million.


The Troy Historic Village is a fully interactive historical museum chronicling the different stages of Troy's progression from its first settlers to the city it has become today. The Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America Metropolis of Detroit is headquartered in Troy. In 2003, Troy was named Michigan's Sportstown by Sports Illustrated magazine for having the top community sports programs in the state. In the summer of 2005, to commemorate the city's 50th anniversary, ceramic beaver statues, each standing four feet (1.2 m) high, were displayed at various locations in the city. The beaver is the symbol of Troy, and the main commercial thoroughfare (Big Beaver Road) is named after it. The city is served by the Daily Tribune (published daily), the Observer & Eccentric (which is published twice a week), the Troy Beacon (published every Thursday), and the Troy-Somerset Gazette and, most recently, Troy Patch. The Troy Eccentric newspaper edition ceased publication in 2009. In addition to The Detroit News and Detroit Free Press, regional newspapers serving all of southeast Michigan, the city is also served by The Troy Times, the Troy Herald, and The Troy Herald-Tribune. The City of Troy Parks include a variety of open space, woodlands, rivers, lakes and recreational facilities. You will find soccer fields, ball diamonds, disc golf courses, shore fishing, outdoor exercise equipment, tennis courts, basketball courts, natural and paved walking pathways, play structures and swing sets, a skate park, picnic areas and pavilions.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 33.64 square miles (87.13 km²) of which 33.47square miles (86.69km²) is land and 0.17square miles ("0.44km²") (0.51%) is water. The city is located on the Mississippi River. It has a population of 2,816. It is one of the smallest cities in the United States to have a population over 1,000. The population of the city was 2,788 at the 2010 census. It was the smallest city in the state to have more than 1,200 people in the 2010 Census, and the second-largest city to have that many people in a single city. It also has the highest percentage of people living below the poverty line, at 1.9%. It is the second largest city in New Mexico, after New Mexico City, with 1,822 people. It had the highest rate of obesity in the U., at 2.7%. It has the lowest percentage of children living in the city, at 0.8%. It also had the lowest rate of childhood obesity, at 3.2%. It had a higher percentage of adults living in poverty than any other city in North America. Its population was 1,716 in 2010, up from 1,638 in 2000. It ranks No. 2 in the nation for women in terms of percentage of women in the labor force.


Troy has the second highest cumulative property value in Michigan, second only to Detroit. It is home to the Somerset Collection mall, featuring a skywalk and over 180 stores, and the Oakland Mall. The Top of Troy is the city's tallest building with offices of PNC Financial Services. Bank of America maintains a major operations center in Troy.Mahindra & Mahindra opened a technical center in the city in 2012. Arbor Drugs was headquartered in Troy until it was acquired by CVS Corporation in 1998 for an estimated $1.48 billion, making CVS the largest chain-drug retailer in the Detroit market. Frank's Nursery & Crafts was an arts and crafts chain spanning 14 states that was based in Troy, even after being acquired by General Host Corporation in 1983. The company filed for bankruptcy in 2004, and became defunct soon after. Kmart was headquartered there until it acquired Sears in 2005, establishing itself in the former Sears headquarters in Hoffman Estates, Illinois. Genicom had a manufacturing and repairs plant, in the 1980s. The city has a thriving automotive and financial sector, particularly in the automotive andFinancial sectors. It has a number of major companies, including Altair Engineering, Canadian National Railway, and The Woodbridge Company (US Headquarters) The city also has a large number of smaller companies, such as The Kresge Foundation, and a small number of non-profit organizations, including the National Center for Women in the Arts and the American Museum of Natural History.


As of the census of 2010, there were 80,980 people, 30,703 households, and 22,443 families living in the city. There were 32,907 housing units at an average density of 983.2 per square mile (379.6/km²) The racial makeup of the city was 74.1% White, 4.0% African American, 0.2% Native American, 19.1%. The city had 4,932 Asians according to the 1990 U.S. Census, an increase of 5,798. The largest Asian-American population in the tri-county area, surpassing that of Detroit. The median income for a household in theCity was $96,864, and the median income. for a family was $113,640. The per capita income for the City was $46,664. About 5.1 percent of families and 7.2 percent of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.7% of those under age 18 and 6.1 per cent of those age 65 or over. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.14. The city has a population density of 2,419.5 inhabitants per squaremile (934.2/ km²) and a population growth rate of 5.9 per cent from 1990 to 2000. It had the highest numeric Asian population, with the highest percentage of Asian-Americans at 10,730.


Troy uses the Council-Manager form of government, and thus is governed by a City Council consisting of a Mayor and six council members. The current mayor is Ethan Baker, who was elected to a four-year term on November 5, 2019. The city council appoints a City Manager, who manages the day-to-day operations of the city. The City of Troy and City of Clawson on its southern border compose Michigan's 41st District for State Representative. The district is currently represented by Padma Kuppa in the State House since 2019, and in the state Senate by Mallory McMorrow, since 2019. On the national level, Troy was part of the 9th district, represented by Joe Knollenberg from 1993 to 2009 and Gary Peters, who defeated Knollenburg in a highly publicized race in November 2008. Nationally, Troy is part of a 11th district held by Democrat Haley Stevens. In May 2010, the Troy city council voted to adopt a budget that called for the Troy Public Library to close on July 1, 2011. A proposal was made to increase property taxes in order for the library to run independently, but the citizens voted it down by a 2.2 percent margin. A Library millage was ultimately passed in 2011 that exists today. The district was previously represented in the. State House by Martin Howrylak since 2013, and. in theState Senate by Marty Knollsenberg, since 2015. Troy is now in the 11th District.


There are 7 different school districts serving the city of Troy; however, Troy School District serves the majority of the limits. The district has multiple elementary schools, four middle schools, and two zoned high schools: Troy High School and Athens High School. There are also three school districts that have sizable portions of territory in Troy and that operate at least one elementary school within the city. Troy is home to Walsh College, a business-oriented school, as well as branches for the University of Phoenix, Northwood University, Central Michigan University, Spring Arbor University, and the International Academy of Design and Technology. Michigan State University also has its Management Education Center (Eli Broad College of Business) located off of I-75 near the intersection of Crooks Rd. and Square Lake Rd. (19 Mile). The city is also home to private schools: Bethany Christian School, Brookfield Academy, St. Mark Christian Academy, and Troy Adventist Academy. The city's high school is currently ranked 7th in the Newsweek rankings of the best public high schools in the United States. The school has been located in the older Baker Middle School building since the beginning of the 2008-2009 academic year. It previously sent students through the class of 2011 to the central IA campus in Bloomfield Hills, which has a very small portion of the southern part of the city, and a small area of commercial property also in the south lies within the borders of Lamphere Public Schools. It also hosts the eastern campus of the International academy, which is ranked seventh in the U.S.


Oakland-Troy Airport (FAA LID: VLL, ICAO: KVLL) is a small suburban general aviation airport operated by Oakland County. It has a single 3,550 feet x 60 feet (1082 m x 18 m) paved runway. Business travelers and tourists using private, corporate and charter aircraft benefit from the airport's convenient proximity to business, recreation and entertainment facilities. I-75 cuts through the middle of Troy from the north-west corner bordering Bloomfield Township, and continuing southward towards the south-east border of the city entering Madison Heights. The Big Beaver Airport, (IATA: 3BB), which was located at the corners of Big Beaver Road and John R Road, opened in 1946 and closed in 1995 due to declining use and pressure to sell the land for commercial development. M-1/Woodward Avenue and US-24/Telegraph Road are on the west side of Troy and provide access to the city. The city's main roads are 14 Mile Road, Maple Road, Wattles Road, Long Lake Road, Square Lake Road and South Boulevard. It is located between Maple Road and 14 Mile roads, and between Long Lake and Square Lake roads, the city's major north-south roads are South Boulevard, West Boulevard, and West Lake Road. The airport is located on the corner of Maple and Wattles roads, near the intersection of Long Lake Roads and South Blvd. It was also home to the Big Beaver Airfield, which was closed in the early 1990s.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Troy, Oakland County, Michigan = 61.2. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 27. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 30. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Troy = 3.2 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO ( and is uniform worldwide.


The most recent city population of 87,294 individuals with a median age of 41.3 age the population dropped by -0.82% in Troy, Oakland County, Michigan population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 2,609.92 residents per square mile of area (1,007.69/km²). There are average 2.63 people per household in the 30,410 households with an average household income of $86,190 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 13.20% of the available work force and has dropped -10.42% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 5.96%. The number of physicians in Troy per 100,000 population = 456.1.


The annual rainfall in Troy = 29.7 inches and the annual snowfall = 32 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 120. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 180. 83 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 16.1 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 51, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Troy, Oakland County, Michigan which are owned by the occupant = 74.83%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 33 years with median home cost = $170,780 and home appreciation of -13.85%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $13.73 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.


The local school district spends $6,547 per student. There are 18.1 students for each teacher in the school, 579 students for each Librarian and 486 students for each Counselor. 6.45% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 27.89% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 21.94% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Troy's population in Oakland County, Michigan of 3,071 residents in 1900 has increased 28,43-fold to 87,294 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 50.40% female residents and 49.60% male residents live in Troy, Oakland County, Michigan.

    As of 2020 in Troy, Oakland County, Michigan are married and the remaining 35.35% are single population.

  • 26.8 minutes is the average time that residents in Troy require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    89.21% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 5.62% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 0.34% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 2.90% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Troy, Oakland County, Michigan, 74.83% are owner-occupied homes, another 21.11% are rented apartments, and the remaining 4.05% are vacant.

  • The 46.47% of the population in Troy, Oakland County, Michigan who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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