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Saginaw

City of Saginaw

  •   State: 
    Michigan
      County: 
    Saginaw County
      City: 
    Saginaw
      County FIPS: 
    26145
      Coordinates: 
    43°25′12″N 83°57′00″W
      Area total: 
    17.81 sq mi
      Area land: 
    17.10 sq mi (44.28 km²)
      Area water: 
    0.71 sq mi (1.84 km²)
      Elevation: 
    591 ft (180 m)
      Established: 
    1819; Settled 1819; Incorporated 1857
  •   Latitude: 
    43,4512
      Longitude: 
    -84,0131
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Saginaw, MI
      Timezone: 
    Eastern Standard Time (EST) UTC-5:00; Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) UTC-4:00
      ZIP codes: 
    48601
    48602
    48603
    48604
    48605
    48606
    48607
    48608
    48609
    48638
      GMAP: 

    Saginaw, Saginaw County, Michigan, United States

  •   Population: 
    44,202
      Population density: 
    2,585.52 residents per square mile of area (998.29/km²)
      Household income: 
    $28,507
      Households: 
    20,565
      Unemployment rate: 
    20.90%
  •   Sales taxes: 
    6.00%
      Income taxes: 
    5.85%

Saginaw is a city in the U.S. state of Michigan. It is the seat of Saginaw County. The city is the largest municipality in the Mid-Michigan statistical area. It was a thriving lumber town in the 19th century and an important industrial city and manufacturing center throughout much of the 20th century. During the late 20th Century, its industry and strong manufacturing presence declined, leading to increased unemployment, crime, and a population decline. Economic development is focused on comparative advantages in innovation, clean energy, and continued manufacturing exports. The name is widely believed to mean "where the Sauk were" in Ojibwe, from Sace-nong (Sauk Town) But it is more likely that the name means "place of the outlet", from the OJibwe sag (opening) and ong (place of) The city was originally inhabited by the Anishnabeg. French missionaries and traders first appeared in the area during the late 17th century, and encountered the O Jibwe (Chippewa) living in the region. The first permanent settlement by those other than Native Americans was in 1816 when Louis Campau established a trading post on the west bank of the Saginawa River. In 1822, the United States Army established a fort on the east bank ofthe river and named it Fort Saginaws. Saginawan County is part of the Greater Tri-Cities region of Central Michigan.

Etymology

Saginaw is the primary city name, but also Zilwaukee are acceptable city names or spellings. The official name is City of Saginaw. Saginaw is widely believed to mean "where the Sauk were" in Ojibwe. But it is more likely that the name means "place of the outlet" Samuel de Champlain mistakenly placed Sauk nation on western shore of Lake Michigan. This mistake was copied on subsequent maps, and future references identified this as the place of the Sauks. Chippewa natives Conquered Sauk natives. Saginaw now a suburb of Detroit, Michigan, the capital city of the city of Detroit. The city was once known as Sauk Town, but is now the site of a shopping mall. The town's name is derived from Sace-nong (Sauk Town) and Sak-e-Nong (sauk town), which means "where Sauk once lived" or "where they lived" in the language. It is now known as the town of Sippaw (Sippaw is the name of the town where Sauk used to live) and Sipaw (the name of a village in the U.S. state of Michigan). The town is now home to the Detroit Institute of Arts, which was founded in 1854. The name Sippow means "Sippow" in English, and means "the place where Sauks once lived". It is also known as "Sipaw" in French, meaning "the town of Sauks" and "Sauks" in Yup'ik, which means Sauk people.

History

Saginaw was originally inhabited by the Anishnabeg. French missionaries and traders first appeared in the area during the late 17th century. The first permanent settlement by those other than Native Americans was in 1816 when Louis Campau established a trading post on the west bank of the Saginaw River. Growth of the settlement was fueled rapidly during the 19th century by the lumber industry. In 1889, the Michigan state legislature passed 455 Act to consolidate the cities of East and Saginawan into a single city. The city became an effective city on March 12, 1890, with the election of officers on the 12th day of the month of March. It was incorporated as a city in 1857, containing the seat of Saginw County government. The town was re-platted in December 1830, comprising riverfront from Cass Street, on the south, to Harrison Street, and north to Jefferson. It became a hub for railroad transportation in the early 1870s, but had virtually disappeared by the end of the century. In addition to salt production, the area's growing industries, such as agriculture and manufacturing, developed, supporting the city's eventual decline as well as those of those surrounding it. It is now the site of the Michigan State Museum, one of the largest in the U.S., with a collection of more than 1,000 exhibits on the history of the state. The museum is located in the former town hall building, which has been converted into a museum.

21st century

Manufacturing in Saginaw declined in the latter half of the 20th century, leading to high unemployment in the city. The city has faced increasing social problems relating to poverty as a result of its high rate of unemployment. The unemployment rate dropped to 9.0% as of April 2015; crime has decreased as unemployment has decreased. Economic development in the region is focused on comparative advantages in innovation, clean energy, and continued manufacturing exports. Compared to other mid-sized communities, Saginw has a high number of patent applications per job, and more than 81 times the average US share of jobs in photovoltaic technology research and production. The Saginawan city government can legally tear down only publicly owned properties, a number that stands above 400. The federal grant provides funds to demolish nearly 950 structures. Michigan Governor Rick Snyder praised the initiative, saying, "With these federal funds, we'll be able to launch large-scale demolition programs that strike at the blight that is weakening too many neighborhoods in these cities" The city officials announced a program to purchase unwanted, abandoned structures from their owners, which would be then added to the list of homes to tear down. Officials estimate that there are nearly 1,200 privately owned homes within the city limits that are worthy of demolition. Once Section 8 housing, these buildings are being transformed into market-rate apartments and retail space. In 2012 a similar deal was made for the Bancroft and Eddy apartments at the same intersection.

Geography

Saginaw has a humid continental climate influenced by its inland position not on the shore of one of the Great Lakes of Michigan. The city sits in the middle of the Saginaw Bay watershed, the largest in the state of Michigan, and includes the largest contiguous fresh-water coastal wetland in the United States. The U.S. Census Bureau says the city has a total area of 18.10 square miles (46.88 km²), of which, 17.34 sq miles (44.91 km²) is land and 0.76sq miles (1.97 km²") is water. It is located 15 miles (24 km) inland from Saginawa Bay, an arm of Lake Huron, and sits on a river that flows into the Bay. The town has a population of 2,000, the majority of whom live in or near the downtown area of the city. It has an area of 17.4 square miles, or 46 km², which is about the same as the city of Detroit. It also has a topography that is similar to that of Detroit, but with a more mountainous topography and a more rugged topography. It was founded in 1836. It lies on the S.Saginawan River, which flows into Saginawan Bay, which runs from the east to the Gulf of Mexico, and is the largest bay in Michigan. It sits in a watershed that includes the biggest fresh- water coastal wetlands in the U. S.

Demographics

As of the census of 2010, there were 51,508 people, 19,799 households, and 12,252 families residing in the city. The city is the largest principal city of the Saginaw-Midland-Bay City, MI CSA, a Combined Statistical Area. The combined population of the CSA will be 377,474 at the 2020 census.Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race. The median income for a household in theCity was $26,485, and the median income. for a family was $29,485. The per capita income for the city was $13,816. About 24.7% of families and 28.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 40.2% of those under the age of 16 and 16.3% over 65. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.19. The racial makeup of the city (excluding townships) was 47.02% White, 43.26% African American, 0.49% Native American,0.33% Asian, 5.86% from other races, and 3.03% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of anyrace were 11.75% of. the population. The gender makeup of. SaginAW is 47.1% male and 52.9% female.

Government

Saginaw is classified as a Home Rule City under the Michigan Home Rule Cities Act. The present Charter was adopted in 1935 and took effect on January 6, 1936. The city levies an income tax of 1.5 percent on residents and 0.75 percent on nonresidents. The term of office for a member of the City Council is four years commencing with the first meeting following a regular municipal election. The terms are staggered so the entire Council is not subject to re-election at the same time.either four or five members are elected in each odd-numbered year. The City Charter gives its city a council-manager form of government. It is governed by a nine-member elected at-large Council. It has a mayor-council government with a mayor and a city manager. It also has a treasurer-treasurer government with an assistant city manager and a deputy city treasurer. The mayor is a former mayor of Saginaw, Michigan, who was elected to a second term in 1974 and served until his third term in office in 1980. The current mayor is former Saginawan, Michigan mayor-elect, who served from 1983 to 1988. He was re-elected to a fourth term in 1988. The council- manager government has been in place since 1936 and has a five-year term. It was adopted under the Home Rule cities Act of 1935. It gives the city a city charter giving its city an elected council-management form ofgovernment.

Healthcare

Covenant Medical Center, located at 1447 North Harrison, is a 623-bed hospital with inpatient and outpatient facilities. Lifenet offers helicopter air ambulance services from the Covenant campus. St. Mary's treats trauma, heart disease and cancer among other ailments and opened its Ambulatory Care Center in Saginaw Township in 2000 featuring the county's first suburban emergency room. Health Delivery Inc is a downtown based nonprofit organization offering a network of federally funded health centers reaching 37,000 low income individuals and migrant workers. It also offers walk-in clinics and facilities scattered throughout the county for outpatient surgery, breast cancer diagnosis, physical therapy, sports medicine and eye care. A healthcare hub on South Washington Avenue is anchored by the Michigan Cardiovascular Institute which treats patients from around the state. It is partnered with Mary Free Bed Hospital which has a rehab hospital located on the Covenant Healthcare campus. It's the location for "CMU Medical Education Partners", which offers various residency training programs. It has 100 staffed beds, and sees 292,000 patients a year. The hospital is located at 1500 Weiss, and is a hospital serving America's Veterans overseen by the Veterans Health Administration. It sees 168,000 patient a year and is the region's primary trauma center. It opened its ambulance center in 2000. It offers walk in clinics, outpatient surgery and physical therapy for physical therapy and sports medicine, among other things. It was also the first suburbanEmergency room in the county in 2000, and has an emergency department that provides 95,000 visits per year.

Education

Saginaw is served by Delta College and Saginaw Valley State University. Central Michigan University maintains an off-campus center inside the city that offers numerous degree programs. The city's public school district is governed by a seven member elected board of education. Michigan Lutheran Seminary is the lone private high school in the city. The current superintendent is Mr. Nathan Mcclain, who has been in his position since 2008. The Saginawan Public School District operates twelve elementary schools, two combined elementary/middle schools, and two high schools. The three public high schools in SaginAW are Arthur Hill High School, Saginw High School and the Saginawed Arts and Sciences Academy. Charter schools in theCity are Saginah Learn to Earn Academy, North Saginaws Charter Academy, Francis Reh Academy, Sapsinaw Prep schools and the International Academy of Saginawa. SPSD operates 12 elementary schools and two middle schools, as well as one combined middle/high school. The district operates 12 high schools, including two combined high schools and one combined high/middle school. It also operates 12 charter schools, such as Sapsinsinaw Charter Academy and Sapsun Charter Academy. It is the only school district in the state of Michigan to operate 12 elementary and secondary schools at once. The school district also operates two charter schools for middle and high school students. It has a charter school program for high school seniors. SpsD also operates a charter program for college students, which offers a variety of programs.

Business and commerce

Saginaw's main shopping district is located in neighboring Saginaw Township along Bay Rd. and Tittabawassee Road. Fashion Square Mall is a regional shopping mall anchored by JCPenney and Macy's. Primary areas within the city of Saginawa for consumer shopping include Old Town and downtown Saginawan.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Saginaw, Saginaw County, Michigan = 82. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 26. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 90. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Saginaw = 3.3 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO (www.who.int/news-room/questions-and-answers/item/radiation-the-ultraviolet-(uv)-index) and is uniform worldwide.

Employed

The most recent city population of 44,202 individuals with a median age of 33 age the population dropped by -10.89% in Saginaw, Saginaw County, Michigan population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 2,585.52 residents per square mile of area (998.29/km²). There are average 2.6 people per household in the 20,565 households with an average household income of $28,507 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 20.90% of the available work force and has dropped -8.77% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 1.56%. The number of physicians in Saginaw per 100,000 population = 225.2.

Weather

The annual rainfall in Saginaw = 32.5 inches and the annual snowfall = 36.9 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 115. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 174. 83 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 15.1 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 47, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Saginaw, Saginaw County, Michigan which are owned by the occupant = 52.80%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 60 years with median home cost = $46,230 and home appreciation of -6.86%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $12.95 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.

Study

The local school district spends $5,337 per student. There are 18.8 students for each teacher in the school, 832 students for each Librarian and 605 students for each Counselor. 6.50% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 7.20% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 3.29% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Saginaw's population in Saginaw County, Michigan of 42,345 residents in 1900 has increased 1,04-fold to 44,202 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 52.98% female residents and 47.02% male residents live in Saginaw, Saginaw County, Michigan.

    As of 2020 in Saginaw, Saginaw County, Michigan are married and the remaining 57.87% are single population.

  • 20 minutes is the average time that residents in Saginaw require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    80.57% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 12.06% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 1.41% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 2.48% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Saginaw, Saginaw County, Michigan, 52.80% are owner-occupied homes, another 29.22% are rented apartments, and the remaining 17.99% are vacant.

  • The 47.58% of the population in Saginaw, Saginaw County, Michigan who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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