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  •   State: 
    Clay County
      County FIPS: 
    46°52′26″N 96°46′02″W
      Area total: 
    22.27 sq mi
      Area land: 
    22.27 sq mi (57.67 km²)
      Area water: 
    0.01 sq mi (0.02 km²)
    909 ft (277 m)
  •   Latitude: 
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Fargo, ND-MN
    Eastern Standard Time (EST) UTC-5:00; Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) UTC-4:00
      ZIP codes: 

    Moorhead, Clay County, Minnesota, United States

  •   Population: 
      Population density: 
    1,998.88 residents per square mile of area (771.77/km²)
      Household income: 
      Unemployment rate: 
  •   Sales taxes: 
      Income taxes: 

Moorhead is a city in and county seat of Clay County, Minnesota, on the banks of the Red River of the North. The city was named for William Galloway Moorhead, an official of the Northern Pacific Railway. The former Moorhead Armory on 5th Street South was the intended concert destination for musicians Buddy Holly, Ritchie Valens, and The Big Bopper before their fatal plane crash a few miles north of Clear Lake, Iowa around 1.00 am Tuesday February 3, 1959. Moorhead is home to the first Dairy Queen to sell Dilly Bars. The top ten European ancestries were the following: Norwegian, German, Swedish, Irish, Polish, Italian, and Dutch. The population was 44,505 according to the 2020 census, and is expected to rise to 45,000 by the end of the decade. The land around the FargoMoor head area is some of the flattest and richest (for agricultural uses) in the world. This is because it lies on the lake bed of glacial Lake Agassiz, which drained between 9,900 and 11,000 years ago. The Red River Valley is an extremely fertile and active agricultural region, across the river from Fargo, North Dakota, Moorhead helps form the core of the Fargo-MN Metropolitan Area. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 19.80 square miles (51.28 km²), all land. In 2010, there were 38,065 people, 14,304 households, and 8,372 families living in the city, and the population density was 1,922.5 inhabitants per square mile (742.3/km²).


The city was platted in 1871 and named for William Galloway Moorhead, a Northern Pacific Railway official and brother-in-law of financier Jay Cooke. The former Moorhead Armory was the intended concert destination for musicians Buddy Holly, Ritchie Valens, and The Big Bopper before their fatal plane crash. The building was demolished in 1990 and is now the site of Ecumen Evergreens, a senior living property. Moorhead is home to the first Dairy Queen to sell Dilly Bars. The Moorhead Dairy Queen is also one of only a few Dairy Queens operating on a contract signed in 1949, which allows it to feature products not approved by corporate Headquarters. An example includes a chipper sandwich, vanilla ice cream sandwiched between two chocolate chip cookies and dipped in chocolate. The city is located on the banks of the Mississippi River. It has a population of 2,000. It is the home of the Moorhead High School, which was founded in 1872. It was the first high school in the state of Iowa to be chartered in 1874. The town has a history of being home to many notable people, including the founders of the University of Iowa. It also has a number of historic buildings, including Moorhead's first post office, which opened in 1875. The first city hall was built in 1876. The current city hall is located in the town's downtown area, which is also known for its many historic buildings and landmarks.


Moorhead lies on the lake bed of glacial Lake Agassiz, which drained between 9,900 and 11,000 years ago. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 19.80 square miles (51.28 km²) The Red River Valley is some of the flattest and richest (for agricultural uses) in the world, according to the U.S. Census Bureau. It is located adjacent to the Red River in the RedRiver Valley. The city is located in the state of North Dakota, which is in the Upper Great Lakes region of the Upper Midwest and the Dakotas, which are in the Lower Great Lakes area of the state. The Fargo-M Moorhead Airport is located on the city's eastern edge. The airport is one of the busiest in North Dakota and has a population of more than 100,000. It was the site of the World War II Battle of the Bulge, which took place in the late 1800s and early 1900s, and is now a major air hub for North Dakota. It also has a major international airport, the Fargo International Airport, which was built in the 1930s and is located near the town of Moorhead. The town is also home to the North Dakota State University, which has a campus that opened in the 1950s. The University of Minnesota has a chapter of the American College of Arts and Sciences, which opened in 1961. The university has a history that dates back to the 18th century.


As of the census of 2010, there were 38,065 people, 14,304 households, and 8,372 families living in the city. The racial makeup of the city was 92.08% White, 0.77% African American, 1.94% Native American, 2.27% Asian, 0,04% Pacific Islander, and 1.79% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.47% of the population. The top ten European ancestries were the following:Norwegian: 36.1% German: 7.6% Swedish: 5.2% English: 4.7% French: 3.6%. American: 2.3% Italian: 1.5% Dutch: 1,4% Other: 0.1%. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 3.04. The median income for a household in theCity was $34,781. Males had a median income of $49,118 versus $23,137 for females. The city has a population of 32,177, with a population density of 1,922.5 inhabitants per square mile (742.3/km²) The city's median household income was $17,150. About 8% of families were below the poverty line, including 14% of those who were under the age of 18. The average annual income for the city is $17.3 million.


Interstate 94 and U.S. Highways 10, 52 (concurrent with I-94), and 75 are four of the main roadways in the city. Other nearby routes in the FargoMoorhead area include Interstate 29 and Minnesota State Highway 336. Locally, the city is served with public transit by MATBUS. The city's public transit system provides a variety of options for residents to choose from, including buses, trains and air travel.


Moorhead is home to notable corporate, manufacturing and distribution industries. The unemployment rate is consistently below the national average and property values are stable. According to the City's 2019 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the largest employers in the city are: American Crystal Sugar, Busch Agricultural Resources and Pactiv. The city is located on the Missouri River, which runs through the center of the city. It is located near the intersection of Interstate 35 and I-90, which is the main highway through Moorhead. The town of Moorhead has a population of about 2,000. It has a GDP of about $1.2 billion and an unemployment rate of less than 1%. The city's population is about 1,000 people, according to the city's 2013 Comprehensive Annual financial Report. The average household income is about $60,000 and the city has a poverty rate of about 8.5%. The town has a crime rate of 0.7 per cent, the lowest of any city in the state, and the highest rate of unemployment is 0.8 per cent. The economy is based on agriculture, with the majority of jobs in sugar beet processing and malt manufacturing. It also has a manufacturing industry, including Pactiv (container manufacturing) and Busch agricultural Resources (malt manufacturing) The city has an average population of 2,200. The U.S. Census Bureau estimates that Moorhead's population will reach 3,000 by the end of the year, and that it will reach 4,000 in the 2030s.

Arts and culture

The city is home to the Bluestem Center for the Arts, a 3,000 seat outdoor amphitheater. The Rourke Art Gallery hosts the annual Midwestern Invitational Exhibition. The Hjemkomst Center is a local museum containing a full-scale replica of a Viking ship of the same name. Trollwood Performing Arts School is a renowned summer arts and theater program for students of all ages. The Clay County Historical Society has more than 30,000 artifacts in their collection, one of the largest and most important historic collections in Minnesota outside of the Minneapolis-St. Paul area. The Comstock House is a historic house museum, a blend of Queen Anne and Eastlake styles built in 1883. The traditional Norwegian-style Stave Church serves as a symbol of the Norwegian heritage in the Red River Valley. The church is a full scale replica of the Hopperstad stave church in Vik, Norway. The city also hosts a summer concert series which has drawn many famous bands including Wilco, Goo Goo Dolls, The Beach Boys, and Weezer. It is located in the heart of Moorhead's downtown area, just south of the city's main business district, the Fargo-Moorhead International Airport. It has a population of about 2,000 people, making it the second largest city in the state behind Minneapolis. It also has a reputation as one of Minnesota's most scenic spots, with views of the St. Louis River, Red River, and Red Lake.


Fargo-Moorhead RedHawks is an independent professional baseball team that plays at Newman Outdoor Field in Fargo. The community has provided significant support to hockey programs such as Moorhead Youth Hockey. Over the years, Moorhead Senior High has produced a number of talented hockey players, including: Jason Blake, Matt Cullen, Ryan Kraft, Brian Lee and Chris VandeVelde.Olympic pairs figure skater Mark Ladwig also hails from Moorhead and competed in the 2010 Winter Olympics. He was a two-time U.S. national silver medalist with partner Amanda Evora and was part of the 2012-2013 US Figure Skating Reserve Team. He also represented Team USA at the 2006 IIHF World Championship and the 2006 Olympic games for the United States in Turin, Italy. He is currently a professional hockey player in Europe. Most recently played in the NHL for the Florida Panthers. He has also played for the Oklahoma City Barons (AHL), the University of North Dakota (winners of the 2010 WCHA Final Five tournament), and the Lincoln Stars (USHL) He has played for several AHL teams throughout his career, as well as for the Chicago Blackhawks and Philadelphia Flyers. He currently plays for the Tampa Bay Lightning. He previously played for North Dakota and the U.S. National Junior Team. Also played for. the Ottawa Senators. He had a role in the 2005-2006 Carolina Hurricanes who won the NHL Stanley Cup (championship) in 2006. He won the World Championship in 2006 with the EC Kassel Huskies.


Moorhead has four institutions of higher learning: Concordia College, Minnesota State University Moorhead, Rasmussen College, and Minnesota State Community and Technical College. K-12 education is provided to over 5,000 students by the Moorhead School District. Park Christian School is a private Christian school in Moorhead providing a K12 education as well as St. Joseph's, a Catholic elementary school. The city includes the Red River Area Learning Center and the Probstfield Center for Education. The Moorhead Public Library (1906) at 102 6th Street South was paid for by Andrew Carnegie and designed by architect Milton Earl Beebe. The district includes the cities of Moorhead, Georgetown, Kragnes, and Sabin. The school district is known for its high student achievement with students consistently performing above the national average on the ACT. The high school is a continuation of S.G. Reinertsen Elementary, Robert Asp Elementary, Ellen Hopkins Elementary, Dorothy Dodds Elementary, Horizon Middle School and Moorhead High School. Moorhead is home to the Minnesota State community and technical college, which is a two-year to four-year technical college. The university is a public university with a combined student enrollment of approximately 14,000. The public library was built in 1906 and is the oldest public library in the United States. It is located in the city's downtown area and is located on the former site of the former Moorhead Post Office. The library is now located in a former post office building.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Moorhead, Clay County, Minnesota = 86. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 47. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 98. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Moorhead = 3.1 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO ( and is uniform worldwide.


The most recent city population of 44,505 individuals with a median age of 43.1 age the population grows by 34.84% in Moorhead, Clay County, Minnesota population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 1,998.88 residents per square mile of area (771.77/km²). There are average 2.81 people per household in the 212 households with an average household income of $69,443 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 3.40% of the available work force and has dropped -0.52% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 35.26%. The number of physicians in Moorhead per 100,000 population = 155.


The annual rainfall in Moorhead = 27 inches and the annual snowfall = 56.7 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 107. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 197. 80 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and -1.7 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 53, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Moorhead, Clay County, Minnesota which are owned by the occupant = 87.88%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 31 years with median home cost = $162,860 and home appreciation of 0.59%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $11.25 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.


The local school district spends $5,115 per student. There are 15.3 students for each teacher in the school, 404 students for each Librarian and 626 students for each Counselor. 4.83% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 22.07% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Moorhead's population in Clay County, Minnesota of 3,730 residents in 1900 has increased 11,93-fold to 44,505 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 46.14% female residents and 53.86% male residents live in Moorhead, Clay County, Minnesota.

    As of 2020 in Moorhead, Clay County, Minnesota are married and the remaining 33.02% are single population.

  • 17.4 minutes is the average time that residents in Moorhead require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    82.35% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 7.65% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 0.88% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 9.71% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Moorhead, Clay County, Minnesota, 87.88% are owner-occupied homes, another 3.90% are rented apartments, and the remaining 8.23% are vacant.

  • The 62.93% of the population in Moorhead, Clay County, Minnesota who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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